Commit 948ad024 authored by Carl Corder's avatar Carl Corder
Browse files

Add new file

parent 7f7a8c9c
library("readxl")
library("writexl")
library("dplyr")
library("FactoMineR")
# Phase 2 Excel
input <- "C:/Users/its-student/Desktop/Phase2In.xlsx"
output <- "C:/Users/its-student/Desktop/Phase2OutPCA.xlsx"
# read in sheets
data <- read_excel(input, sheet = "Data")
commission <- read_excel(input, sheet = "Commission") # join by group id & policy duration
demographic <- read_excel(input, sheet = "Demographic") # join by group id
expense <- read_excel(input, sheet = "Expense") # join by annualized net premium
rtn <- read_excel(input, sheet = "RTN") # join by max lives, voluntary & policy duration
sic <- read_excel(input, sheet = "SIC") # join by sic code
tax <- read_excel(input, sheet = "Tax") # join by state
# drop reserves not related to STD
data <- data %>% select(-c(ICOS, WAIVER_IBNR, GAAP_RESV, WAIVER_RESERVE))
# format incurred year as numeric
data <- data %>% mutate(INC_YEAR = as.numeric(INC_YEAR))
# 2018 is the only full year of data
data <- data %>% filter(INC_YEAR == 2018)
# positive lives and policy duration
data <- data %>% filter(MAX_LIVES > 0, POLICY_DURATION >= 0)
# group claims on annual basis
data <- data %>% group_by(GROUP_ID, DIST_ID, REP_ID,
COVG_CODE, TRUE_GROUP_VOL,
POLICY_EFFECTIVE_DATE,
REG_OFFICE, SIC, STATE,
MAX_LIVES, ACTIVE_TERMED, LTD_INDICATOR, INC_YEAR, POLICY_DURATION) %>%
summarise(PREM = sum(PREM), EST_ANNUALIZED_NET_PREM = mean(EST_ANNUALIZED_NET_PREM),
PAID_COMMISSION = sum(PAID_COMMISSION), PAID_CLAIMS = sum(PAID_CLAIMS), IBNR = sum(IBNR))
# positive premiums, paid claims and reserves
data <- data %>% filter(EST_ANNUALIZED_NET_PREM > 0, PREM > 0, PAID_CLAIMS >= 0, IBNR > 0)
# left outer-join on industry code
data <- merge(x = data, y = sic, by.x = "SIC", by.y = "SIC_CODE", all.x = TRUE)
# normalize industry title by removing spaces and commas
data <- data %>% mutate(INDUSTRY = stringr::str_replace_all(INDUSTRY, c("," = "", " " = "")))
# remove rows where the sic has no industry (e.g. SIC = 1790)
data <- data %>% filter(!is.na(INDUSTRY))
# left outer-join on demographics (age, gender & salary)
data <- merge(x = data, y = demographic, by.x = "GROUP_ID", by.y = "GROUP_ID", all.x = TRUE)
# remove groups with missing demographics
data <- data %>% filter(!is.na(AVG_AGE), !is.na(AVG_SALARY), !is.na(PCT_FEMALE))
# append percent commission
data <- merge(x = data,
y = commission[, c("GROUP_ID", "POLICY_DURATION", "PERCENT_COMMISSION")],
by = c("GROUP_ID" = "GROUP_ID", "POLICY_DURATION" = "POLICY_DURATION"),
all.x = TRUE)
# remove rows where percent comission is NA or negative due to chargebacks
data <- data %>% filter(0 <= PERCENT_COMMISSION & PERCENT_COMMISSION <= 1)
# append state premium tax
data <- merge(x = data, y = tax, by.x = "STATE", by.y = "STATE", all.x = TRUE)
# remove rows with unmapped state tax (e.g. 91, FO)
data <- data %>% filter(!is.na(PREMIUM_TAX))
# situs state to region map
regions <- list("east" = c("AL","CT","DC","DE","GA","MA","MD","ME","MS","NC","NH","NJ","NY","PA","RI","SC","TN","VA","VT"),
"central" = c("FL","IA","IL","IN","KY","MI","MN","MO","ND","NE","OH","SD","WI","WV"),
"west" = c("AK","AR","AZ","CA","CO","HI","ID","KS","LA","MT","NM","NV","OK","OR","TX","UT","WA","WY"))
# create region column
data <- data %>% mutate(REGION = case_when(STATE %in% regions$east ~ "east",
STATE %in% regions$central ~ "central",
STATE %in% regions$west ~ "west"))
# get internal expense from estimated annual net premium
get_internal_expense <- function(premium) {
sapply(premium, function(x) {
for (i in 1:nrow(expense)) {
if (expense$EST_ANN_NET_PREM_MIN[i] <= x & x < expense$EST_ANN_NET_PREM_MAX[i]) {
return(expense$INTERNAL_EXPENSE[i])
}
}
})
}
# create new internal expenses column
data <- data %>% mutate(INTERNAL_EXPENSES = get_internal_expense(EST_ANNUALIZED_NET_PREM))
# assume pepm rate = 0.5 for all est annualized premiums
data <- data %>% mutate(PERCENT_PEPM = MAX_LIVES * 0.5 / PREM)
# PEPM in [0,1]
data <- data %>% filter(0 <= PERCENT_PEPM & PERCENT_PEPM <= 1)
# create tolerable loss ratio
data <- data %>% mutate(TLR = 1 - (PERCENT_COMMISSION + PREMIUM_TAX + PERCENT_PEPM + INTERNAL_EXPENSES))
# TLR in [0,1]
data <- data %>% filter(0 <= TLR & TLR <= 1)
# rtn lookup from policy lives, duration & voluntary indicator
data <- data %>%
mutate(RTN = case_when(MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 0.8833,
MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 0.9700,
MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0200,
MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 0.9733,
MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 1.0185,
MAX_LIVES < 100 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0670,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 0.8741,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 0.9514,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0208,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 1.0104,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 1.0347,
MAX_LIVES < 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0670,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 0.9800,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 1.0000,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0200,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 2 ~ 0.9800,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION < 4 ~ 1.0000,
MAX_LIVES >= 1000 & TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" & POLICY_DURATION >= 4 ~ 1.0200))
# calculate needed premium
data <- data %>% mutate(NEEDED_PREMIUM = PREM / RTN)
# calculate expected claims
data <- data %>% mutate(EXPECTED_CLAIMS = NEEDED_PREMIUM * TLR)
# calcualte actual claims
data <- data %>% mutate(ACTUAL_CLAIMS = PAID_CLAIMS + IBNR)
# calculate actual to expected ratio
data <- data %>% mutate(ACTUAL_TO_EXPECTED = ACTUAL_CLAIMS / EXPECTED_CLAIMS)
# one-hot binary indicators
data <- data %>% mutate(TRUE_GROUP_VOL = case_when(TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "T" ~ 1,
TRUE_GROUP_VOL == "V" ~ 0))
data <- data %>% mutate(LTD_INDICATOR = case_when(LTD_INDICATOR == "With LTD" ~ 1,
LTD_INDICATOR == "Without LTD" ~ 0))
data <- data %>% mutate(ACTIVE_TERMED = case_when(ACTIVE_TERMED == "Active" ~ 1,
ACTIVE_TERMED == "Terminated" ~ 0))
# keep numerics for PCA
data <- data %>% select(#"REGION", "INDUSTRY",
#"COVG_CODE",
"AVG_SALARY", "AVG_AGE", "PCT_FEMALE",
"TRUE_GROUP_VOL", "LTD_INDICATOR", "ACTIVE_TERMED",
"MAX_LIVES", "POLICY_DURATION", "PREM", "EST_ANNUALIZED_NET_PREM",
"RTN",
"PAID_COMMISSION", "PAID_CLAIMS", "IBNR",
"PERCENT_COMMISSION", "PREMIUM_TAX", "INTERNAL_EXPENSES", "PERCENT_PEPM")
# use FactoMineR for PCA
data.pca <- PCA(data, scale.unit = TRUE, ncp = 5, graph = TRUE)
# create scree plot
fviz_eig(data.pca)
# variable plot colored by contributions to the PC
fviz_pca_var(data.pca, col.var = "contrib",
gradient.cols = c("#00AFBB", "#E7B800", "#FC4E07"),
repel = TRUE)
# native PCA method
data_pca <- prcomp(data, scale = TRUE)
# display three most significant PCs
data_pca$rotation[,1:3]
Supports Markdown
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment